List of Universities in Germany – German Universities Ranking

Top Ten Oldest Universities in Germany

1Heidelberg University

Heidelberg University, officially the Ruprecht Karl University of Heidelberg, is a public research university in Heidelberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Founded in 1386 on the instruction of Pope Urban VI, Heidelberg is Germany’s oldest university and one of the world’s oldest surviving universities.

2Leipzig University

Leipzig University, in Leipzig in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, is one of the world’s oldest universities and the second-oldest university in Germany.

3University of Rostock

The University of Rostock is a public university located in Rostock, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. Founded in 1419, it is the third-oldest university in Germany. It is the oldest and largest university in continental northern Europe and the Baltic Sea area, and the 8th oldest in Central Europe.

4University of Greifswald

The University of Greifswald, formerly also known as “Ernst-Moritz-Arnt University of Greifswald“, is a public research university located in Greifswald, Germany, in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.

5University of Freiburg

The University of Freiburg, officially the Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg, is a public research university located in Freiburg im Breisgau, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.

6University of Munich

Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich is a public research university located in Munich, Germany. The University of Munich is Germany’s sixth-oldest university in continuous operation. Originally established in Ingolstadt in 1472 by Duke Ludwig IX of Bavaria-Landshut, the university was moved in 1800 to Landshut by King Maximilian I of Bavaria when Ingolstadt was threatened by the French, before being relocated to its present-day location in Munich in 1826 by King Ludwig I of Bavaria. In 1802, the university was officially named Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität by King Maximilian I of Bavaria in his as well as the university’s original founder’s honor.

7University of Tübingen

The University of Tübingen, officially the Eberhard Karl University of Tübingen, is a public research university located in the city of Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. The University of Tübingen is one of eleven German Excellence Universities.

8University of Halle-Wittenberg

The Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg, also referred to as MLU, is a public, research-oriented university in the cities of Halle and Wittenberg in the State of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.

9University of Marburg

The Philipps University of Marburg was founded in 1527 by Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse, which makes it one of Germany’s oldest universities and the oldest still operating Protestant university in the world. It is now a public university of the state of Hesse, without religious affiliation.

10University of Jena

The University of Jena, officially the Friedrich Schiller University Jena is a public research university located in Jena, Thuringia, Germany. The university was established in 1558 and is counted among the ten oldest universities in Germany.

Germany Universities List By Alphabetically

A–D

11RWTH Aachen

RWTH Aachen University or Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen is a public research university located in Aachen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. With more than 45,000 students enrolled in 144 study programs, it is the largest technical university in Germany.

12University of Augsburg

The University of Augsburg is a university located in the Universitätsviertel section of Augsburg, Germany. It was founded in 1970 and is organized in 8 Faculties. The University of Augsburg is a relatively young campus university with approx. 18,000 students in October 2012.

13University of Bamberg

The University of Bamberg in Bamberg, Germany, specializes in the humanities, cultural studies, social sciences, economics, and applied computer science.

14University of Bayreuth

The University of Bayreuth is a public research university founded in 1975 as a campus university situated in Bayreuth, Germany. It is broadly organized into seven undergraduate and graduate faculties, with each faculty defining its own admission standards and academic programs in near autonomy.

15Berlin University of the Arts

The Universität der Künste Berlin, situated in Berlin, Germany, is the largest art school in Europe. It is a public art and design school, and one of the four research universities in the city. The university is known for being one of the biggest and most diversified universities of the arts worldwide.

16Free University of Berlin

The Free University of Berlin is a public research university in Berlin, Germany. The Free University of Berlin is one of eleven elite German research universities in the German Universities Excellence Initiative.

17Humboldt University of Berlin

The Humboldt University of Berlin is a public research university in the central borough of Mitte in Berlin, Germany.

18Technical University of Berlin

The Technical University of Berlin is a public research university located in Berlin, Germany. It was the first German university to adopt the name “Technische Universität”.

19Bielefeld University

Bielefeld University is a university in Bielefeld, Germany. Founded in 1969, it is one of the country’s newer universities, and considers itself a “reform” university, following a different style of organization and teaching than the established universities.

20Ruhr University Bochum

The Ruhr-University Bochum is a public university located in the southern hills of the central Ruhr area in Bochum. It was founded in 1962 as the first new public university in Germany after World War II. Instruction began in 1965.

21University of Bonn

The Rhenish Friedrich Wilhelm University of Bonn is a public research university located in Bonn, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It was founded in its present form as the Rhein-Universität on 18 October 1818 by Frederick William III, as the linear successor of the Kurkölnische Akademie Bonn which was founded in 1777. The University of Bonn offers many undergraduate and graduate programs in a range of subjects and has 544 professors. Its library holds more than five million volumes.

22Brandenburg University of Technology

The Brandenburg University of Technology Cottbus–Senftenberg was founded in 1991 and is a technical university in Brandenburg, Germany with campuses in Cottbus and Senftenberg.

23Braunschweig University of Technology

The Technische Universität Braunschweig, commonly referred to as TU Braunschweig, is the oldest Technische Universität in Germany. It was founded in 1745 as Collegium Carolinum and is a member of TU9, an incorporated society of the most renowned and largest German institutes of technology.

24University of Bremen

The University of Bremen is a public university in Bremen, Germany, with approximately 23,500 people from 115 countries. It is one of 11 institutions that were successful in the category “Institutional Strategies” of the Excellence Initiative launched by the Federal Government and the Federal States in 2012.

25Jacobs University Bremen

Jacobs University Bremen is an international, private, residential, doctorate-granting research university located in Vegesack, Bremen, State of Bremen, Germany. It offers study programs in engineering, humanities, natural and social sciences, in which students can acquire bachelor’s, masters or doctorate degrees.

26Chemnitz University of Technology

The Chemnitz University of Technology is a public university in Chemnitz, Germany. With over 9,000 students, it is the third-largest university in Saxony. It was founded in 1836 as Königliche Gewerbeschule and was elevated to a Technische Hochschule, a university of technology, in 1963.

27Clausthal University of Technology

The Clausthal University of Technology is an institute of technology in Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Lower Saxony, Germany. The small public university is regularly ranked among the Top German universities in engineering by CHE University Rankings.

28University of Cologne

The University of Cologne is a university in Cologne, Germany. It was the sixth university to be established in Central Europe and, although it closed in 1798 before being re-established in 1919, it is now one of the largest universities in Germany with more than 48,000 students.

29Darmstadt University of Technology

The Technische Universität Darmstadt, commonly known as TU Darmstadt, is a research university in the city of Darmstadt, Germany. It was founded in 1877 and received the right to award doctorates in 1899. In 1882, it was the first university in the world to set up a chair in electrical engineering.

30Technical University of Dortmund

TU Dortmund University is a technical university in Dortmund, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany with over 35,000 students, and over 6,000 staff including 300 professors, offering around 80 Bachelor’s and master’s degree programs. It is situated in the Ruhr area, the fourth-largest urban area in Europe.

31Dresden University of Technology

The Dresden University of Technology is a public research university, the largest institute of higher education in the city of Dresden, the largest university in Saxony and one of the 10 largest universities in Germany with 32,389 students as of 2018.

32University of Duisburg-Essen

The University of Duisburg-Essen is a public research university in Duisburg and Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany and a member of the newly founded University Alliance Metropolis Ruhr.

33University of Düsseldorf

Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf was founded in 1965 as the successor organization to Düsseldorf’s Medical Academy of 1907 and was named after German poet Heinrich Heine. Following several expansions throughout the decades, the university has comprised five faculties since 1993.

E–H

34Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt

The Katholische Universität Eichstätt-Ingolstadt is a Roman Catholic research university in Eichstätt and Ingolstadt, Bavaria, Germany. Compared to other German universities it is a rather small institution with 4,800 students in 2019; nevertheless, it is the largest non-state university in Germany.

35University of Erfurt

The University of Erfurt is a public university located in Erfurt, the capital city of the German state of Thuringia. It was founded in 1379 and closed in 1816. It was re-established in 1994, three years after German reunification. Therefore it claims to be both the oldest and youngest university in Germany.

36University of Erlangen-Nuremberg

Friedrich–Alexander University Erlangen–Nürnberg is a public research university in the cities of Erlangen and Nuremberg in Bavaria, Germany.

37University of Duisburg-Essen

The University of Duisburg-Essen is a public research university in Duisburg and Essen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany and a member of the newly founded University Alliance Metropolis Ruhr.

38ESCP Business School

ESCP Business School is a European school of management with campuses in Paris, Berlin, London, Madrid, Turin, and Warsaw. In France, ESCP is one of the most selective French Grandes écoles and referred to in France as one of the “Trois Parisiennes”, together with HEC Paris and ESSEC Business School.

39University of Flensburg

The Europe University of Flensburg is a university in the city of Flensburg, Germany. It was founded in 1994 and is the northernmost university in Germany.

40Goethe University of Frankfurt am Main

Goethe University is a university located in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. It was founded in 1914 as a citizens’ university, which means it was founded and funded by the wealthy and active liberal citizenry of Frankfurt. The original name was Universität Frankfurt am Main.

41Viadrina University (Frankfurt an der Oder)

European University Viadrina Frankfurt is a university located in Frankfurt in Brandenburg, Germany. It is also known as the University of Frankfurt. The city is on the Oder River, which marks the border between Germany and Poland.

42Freiberg University of Mining and Technology

The Technische Universität Bergakademie Freiberg is a German university of technology with about 4,300 students in the city of Freiberg, Saxony.

43Zeppelin University (Friedrichshafen)

Zeppelin University is a small and highly selective private research university on the shores of Lake Constance in Friedrichshafen, Germany. It is named after the German general and airship constructor Ferdinand Graf von Zeppelin, whose foundation is the main financier of the university.

44University of Freiburg

The University of Freiburg, officially the Albert Ludwig University of Freiburg, is a public research university located in Freiburg im Breisgau, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.

45University of Giessen

The University of Giessen, official name Justus Liebig University Giessen, is a large public research university in Giessen, Hesse, Germany. It is named after its most famous faculty member, Justus von Liebig, the founder of modern agricultural chemistry and inventor of artificial fertilizer.

46University of Göttingen

The University of Göttingen, officially the Georg August University of Göttingen, is a public research university in the city of Göttingen, Germany.

47University of Greifswald

The University of Greifswald, formerly also known as “Ernst-Moritz-Arnt University of Greifswald“, is a public research university located in Greifswald, Germany, in the state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern.

48University of Hagen (distance learning; the open university)

The University of Hagen is a public research university that is primarily focused on distance teaching. While its main campus is located in Hagen, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany, the university maintains more than 50 study and research centers in Germany and throughout Europe.

49University of Halle-Wittenberg (also in Wittenberg)

The Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg, also referred to as MLU, is a public, research-oriented university in the cities of Halle and Wittenberg in the State of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.

50University of Hamburg

The University of Hamburg is a university in Hamburg, Germany. It was founded on 28 March 1919 by combining the previous General Lecture System, the Colonial Institute of Hamburg, and the Academic College.

51HafenCity University Hamburg

The HafenCity University Hamburg — also known as the University Of The Built Environment And Metropolitan Development — is a public university in Hamburg, Germany which is focused on architecture, civil engineering and urban planning courses.

52Hamburg University of Technology

The Hamburg University of Technology is a research university in Germany. The university was founded in 1978 and in 1982/83 lecturing followed. Around 100 senior lecturers/professors and 1,475 members of staff work at the TUHH. It is located in Harburg, a district in the south of Hamburg.

53Helmut Schmidt University (University of the Bundeswehr, Hamburg)

The Helmut Schmidt University, located in Hamburg, Germany, is a German military educational establishment that was founded in 1973 at the initiative of the then-Federal Minister of Defence, Helmut Schmidt.

54Hertie School of Governance (a private institution with university status, awards Ph.D.)

The Hertie School is a German private independent graduate school located in Berlin’s Friedrichstraße. It has a right to confer masters and doctoral degrees. Half of the students in the Hertie School come from abroad, and the working language is English.

55Leibniz University Hannover

The Leibniz University Hannover, long form in German Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz Universität Hannover, is a public research university located in Hanover, Germany. Founded on 2 May 1831, it is one of the largest and oldest science and technology universities in Germany.

56University of Heidelberg

Heidelberg University, officially the Ruprecht Karl University of Heidelberg, is a public research university in Heidelberg, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Founded in 1386 on the instruction of Pope Urban VI, Heidelberg is Germany’s oldest university and one of the world’s oldest surviving universities.

57University of Hildesheim

The University of Hildesheim is a public university located in Hildesheim.

58University of Hohenheim

The University of Hohenheim is a campus university located in the south of Stuttgart, Germany. Founded in 1818, it is Stuttgart’s oldest university. Its primary areas of specialization had traditionally been agricultural and natural sciences.

I–N

59Technical University of Ilmenau

The Technische Universität Ilmenau is a German public research university located in Ilmenau, Thuringia, Germany. Founded in 1894, it has five academic departments with about 7,200 students.

60University of Jena

The University of Jena, officially the Friedrich Schiller University Jena is a public research university located in Jena, Thuringia, Germany. The university was established in 1558 and is counted among the ten oldest universities in Germany.

61Kaiserslautern University of Technology

The University of Kaiserslautern is a research university in Kaiserslautern, Germany. There are numerous institutes around the university, including two Fraunhofer Institutes, the Max Planck Institute.

62Karlsruhe Institute of Technology

The Karlsruhe Institute of Technology is a public research university and one of the largest research and educational institutions in Germany.

63University of Kassel

The University of Kassel is a university founded in 1971 located in Kassel, Hessen, in Germany. As of October 2013, it had about 23,000 students and more than 2,600 staff, including 307 professors.

64University of Kiel

The University of Kiel, officially the Christian-Albrecht University of Kiel, is a university in the city of Kiel, Germany. It was founded in 1665 as the Academia Holsatorum Chiloniensis by Christian Albert, Duke of Holstein-Gottorp and has approximately 27,000 students today.

65University of Koblenz-Landau

The University of Koblenz and Landau is a public university located in Koblenz and Landau, Germany. It was founded in 1990.

66University of Konstanz

The University of Konstanz is a university in the city of Konstanz in Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Its main campus was opened on the Gießberg in 1972 after being founded in 1966.

67University of Leipzig

Leipzig University, in Leipzig in the Free State of Saxony, Germany, is one of the world’s oldest universities and the second-oldest university in Germany.

68University of Lübeck

The University of Lübeck is a research university in Lübeck, Northern Germany which focuses almost entirely on medicine and sciences with applications in medicine.

69Leuphana University of Lüneburg

Leuphana University Lüneburg is a public university in Lüneburg, Lower Saxony, Germany. Leuphana was founded in 1946 as a college of education. Leuphana established a unique university model within the German academic landscape that has received several awards.

70University of Magdeburg

The Otto von Guericke University Magdeburg was founded in 1993 and is one of the youngest universities in Germany. The university in Magdeburg has about 14,000 students in nine faculties. There are 11,700 papers published in international journals from this institute.

71University of Mainz

The Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz is a public research university in Mainz, Rhineland Palatinate, Germany, named after the printer Johannes Gutenberg since 1946. With approximately 32,000 students in about 100 schools and clinics, it is among the largest universities in Germany.

72University of Mannheim

The University of Mannheim, abbreviated UMA, is a public research university in Mannheim, Baden-Württemberg, Germany.

73University of Marburg

The Philipps University of Marburg was founded in 1527 by Philip I, Landgrave of Hesse, which makes it one of Germany’s oldest universities and the oldest still operating Protestant university in the world. It is now a public university of the state of Hesse, without religious affiliation.

74Technical University of Munich

The Technical University of Munich is a public research university in Munich, with additional campuses in Garching, Freising, Heilbronn and Singapore.

75Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich

The Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich is a public research university located in Munich, Germany. The University of Munich is Germany’s sixth-oldest university in continuous operation.

76Bundeswehr University Munich

Bundeswehr University Munich is one of only two research universities in Germany at the federal level that both were founded in 1973 as part of the German Armed Forces. Originally called Hochschule der Bundeswehr München the institution was supposed to offer civilian academic education for military officers.

77Ukrainian Free University Munich (private university; awards Ph.D.)

The Ukrainian Free University is a private graduate university located in Munich, Germany.

78University of Münster

The University of Münster is a public university located in the city of Münster, North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. With more than 43,000 students and over 120 fields of study in 15 departments, it is Germany’s fifth largest university and one of the foremost centers of German intellectual life.

79University of Erlangen-Nuremberg

Friedrich–Alexander University Erlangen–Nürnberg is a public research university in the cities of Erlangen and Nuremberg in Bavaria, Germany.

O–Z

80University of Oldenburg

The Carl von Ossietzky University of Oldenburg is a university located in Oldenburg, Germany. It is one of the most important and highly regarded educational facilities in northwestern Germany.

81University of Osnabrück

Osnabrück University is a public research university located in the city of Osnabrück in Lower Saxony, Germany. In 2011 it was attended by 11,034 students; the staff of 1,858 consisted of 209 professors, 936 additional academic personnel and 713 non-academic personnel. The university is known for its many interdisciplinary degree programs, some of them rare or even unique among German universities, including European Studies, Migration Research, Applied Systems Science and Cognitive Science. Notably, the university is well known for its research in cognitive science, peace and conflict studies, democratic governance, European Studies, Migration studies among many others.

82University of Paderborn

Paderborn University is one of the fourteen public research universities in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia in Germany. It was founded in 1972 and 20,308 students were enrolled at the university in the winter semester of 2016/2017. It offers 62 different degree programs.

83University of Passau

The University of Passau is a public research university located in Passau, Lower Bavaria, Germany. Founded in 1973, it is the youngest university in Bavaria and consequently has the most modern campus in the state. Nevertheless, its roots as the Institute for Catholic Studies date back some hundreds of years.

84University of Potsdam

The University of Potsdam is a public university in Potsdam, capital of the state of Brandenburg, Germany. It is mainly situated across three campuses in the city. Some faculty buildings are part of the New Palace of Sanssouci which is known for its UNESCO World Heritage status.

85University of Regensburg

The University of Regensburg is a public research university located in the medieval city of Regensburg, Bavaria, a city that is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. The university was founded on July 18, 1962, by the Landtag of Bavaria as the fourth full-fledged university in Bavaria.

86University of Rostock

The University of Rostock is a public university located in Rostock, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany. Founded in 1419, it is the third-oldest university in Germany. It is the oldest and largest university in continental northern Europe and the Baltic Sea area, and the 8th oldest in Central Europe.

87Saarland University

Saarland University is a modern research university located in Saarbrücken, the capital of the German state of Saarland. It was founded in 1948 in Homburg in co-operation with France and is organized in six faculties that cover all major fields of science.

88University of Siegen

The University of Siegen is a public research university located in Siegen, North Rhine-Westphalia and is part of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, a society of Germany’s leading research universities. The University was founded in 1972. 18,618 students were enrolled at the university as of the year 2017.

89German University of Administrative Sciences Speyer

The German University of Administrative Sciences Speyer is a national graduate school for administrative sciences and public management located in Speyer, Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany.

90University of Stuttgart

The University of Stuttgart is a leading research university located in Stuttgart, Germany. It was founded in 1829 and is organized into 10 faculties. It is one of the oldest technical universities in Germany with highly ranked programs in civil, mechanical, industrial and electrical engineering, among others.

91University of Trier

The University of Trier, in the German city of Trier, was founded in 1473. Closed in 1798 by order of the then French administration in Trier, the university was re-established in 1970 after a hiatus of some 172 years.

92University of Tübingen

The University of Tübingen, officially the Eberhard Karl University of Tübingen, is a public research university located in the city of Tübingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. The University of Tübingen is one of eleven German Excellence Universities.

93University of Ulm

Ulm University is a public university in Ulm, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. The university was founded in 1967 and focuses on natural sciences, medicine, engineering sciences, mathematics, economics and computer science. With 9,891 students, it is one of the youngest public universities in Germany.

94The University of Halle-Wittenberg (also in Halle)

The Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg, also referred to as MLU, is a public, research-oriented university in the cities of Halle and Wittenberg in the State of Saxony-Anhalt, Germany.

95University of Vechta

The University of Vechta is a small research university in northwestern Germany, in the town of Vechta in Lower Saxony. Its study programs concentrate on teacher training, social sciences, social work, philosophy, and gerontology.

96University of Weimar

The Bauhaus-Universität Weimar is a university located in Weimar, Germany, and specializes in the artistic and technical fields. Established in 1860 as the Great Ducal Saxon Art School, it gained collegiate status on 3 June 1910.

97Witten/Herdecke University

Witten/Herdecke University is a private, state-recognized, nonprofit university in Witten, North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

98University of Wuppertal

The University of Wuppertal is a German scientific institution, located Wuppertal, in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. The university’s official name in German is Bergische Universität Wuppertal, or BUW. It was founded in 1972. In 2014/15, approx.

99University of Würzburg

The Julius Maximilian University of Würzburg is a public research university in Würzburg, Germany. The University of Würzburg is one of the oldest institutions of higher learning in Germany, having been founded in 1402. The university initially had a brief run and was closed in 1415.

Germany Universities List By Geographic Region

North

University of Bremen
Jacobs University Bremen
University of Flensburg
University of Göttingen
University of Greifswald
University of Hamburg
Helmut Schmidt University (University of the Bundeswehr, Hamburg)
Leibniz University Hannover
University of Hildesheim
University of Kiel
University of Lübeck
University of Lüneburg
University of Oldenburg
University of Osnabrück
University of Rostock
University of Vechta

West

Bielefeld University
Ruhr University Bochum
University of Bonn
University of Cologne
Technical University of Dortmund
University of Duisburg-Essen
University of Düsseldorf
University of Frankfurt am Main
University of Giessen
University of Hagen (distance learning; open university)
University of Kassel
University of Koblenz
University of Mainz
University of Marburg
University of Münster
University of Paderborn
Saarland University
University of Trier
University of Siegen
German University of Administrative Sciences Speyer
Witten/Herdecke University
University of Wuppertal
Frankfurt School of Finance & Management

East

Berlin University of the Arts
Dresden University of Technology
Free University of Berlin
Humboldt University of Berlin
Hertie School of Governance
Technical University of Berlin
Technical University of Ilmenau
University of Erfurt
University of Halle-Wittenberg
University of Jena
University of Leipzig
University of Magdeburg
University of Potsdam
University of Weimar
Viadrina University (Frankfurt an der Oder)

South

University of Augsburg
University of Bamberg
University of Bayreuth
Catholic University of Eichstätt-Ingolstadt
University of Erlangen-Nuremberg
University of Freiburg
Zeppelin University (Friedrichshafen)
University of Heidelberg
University of Hohenheim
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
University of Konstanz
University of Mannheim
Bundeswehr University of Munich
University of Munich
Ukrainian Free University Munich
University of Passau
University of Regensburg
University of Stuttgart
University of Tübingen
University of Ulm
University of Würzburg

Germany Universities List of Technology by Location

RWTH Aachen University
Technical University of Berlin
Brandenburg University of Technology
Braunschweig University of Technology
Chemnitz University of Technology
Clausthal University of Technology
Technical University of Dortmund
Darmstadt University of Technology
Dresden University of Technology
Freiberg University of Mining and Technology
Hamburg University of Technology
Leibniz University Hannover
Ilmenau University of Technology
Kaiserslautern University of Technology
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology
Technical University of Munich
University of Stuttgart

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